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    Why use graphic organizers?

    The human brain naturally looks for connections between old and new information. Additionally, studies have shown that the brain processes information most efficiently in chunks. Graphic organizers complement both of these processes by helping students:

    ·                Visually sort new information into familiar categories

    ·                Analyze the relationships between old and new information

    ·                Create a simple structure for thinking about information in new ways

    ·                Review concepts and demonstrate understanding

    Graphic organizers can be used in all phases of learning from brainstorming ideas to presenting findings. Reading A-Z has assembled a collection of effective organizers that may be tailored to most classrooms or students.

    What are graphic organizers?

    Graphic organizers can support all subject areas, languages, and levels of learning. Reading A-Z provides two collections of graphic organizers--one for primary grades (K-2) and one for intermediate grades (3-6). These collections are arranged according to the reading strategy, comprehension skill, or learning process they best facilitate. The majority of the organizers in both collections can be adapted for use in all classrooms and for learners of all abilities.

    When using graphic organizers with early readers, teacher guidance may be necessary. As readers progress, they may benefit from completing the organizers independently (the brain remembers best when personal creativity has been invested in the exercise). To facilitate the learning process, encourage the use of a variety of mediums, including colored markers, crayons, and pencils. If possible, it benefits students to have the graphic organizers reproduced on colored paper. Give students as much freedom as possible to create and complete their organizers.


    Primary Graphic Organizers (K-2)

    Reading Strategies

    Ask and Answer Questions
    Condense and categorize questions and answers about a subject

    Concept Flower
    Condense and organize information about a single topic

    Draw Connections
    Outline self-to-text relationships

    KWL Chart
    Organize information according to what students know, what they want to know, and what they learn from reading a select text

    KWLS Chart
    Organize information according to what students know, what they want to know, what they learn through reading, and what they still want to know

    Retell Chart
    Record important information about a story to improve textual understanding

    Web Diagram

    Condense and organize information about a single topic

    Web Wheel
    Condense and organize information about a single topic

    Y-Chart
    Record prior knowledge about a topic

    Reading Comprehension Skill

    Cause and Effect
    Outline cause-and-effect relationships

    Character Flower
    Record the characters, setting, problem, events, and solution

    Character Map
    Analyze a character's traits

    Character Traits Wheel
    Analyze a character or person

    Draw Conclusions
    Use information from text to draw conclusions about characters or events

    Fact and Opinion Chart
    Distinguish between facts and opinions

    Fantasy and Reality
    Separate elements of reality from elements of fantasy

    Main Idea and Details E-Chart
    Identify a main idea and two supporting details

    Main Idea and Details Ladder
    Condense and organize details about a single topic

    Problem and Solution
    Identify the problem and solution

    Sequence Events Chart
    Identify the beginning, middle, and end

    Story Elements Map
    Identify the problem, rising action, climax, falling action, and solution

    Story Map
    Identify the characters, setting, problem, events, and solution

    Summary Chart
    Identify important ideas in text to write a summary

    Timeline
    List events in chronological order

    Topic Web
    Condense and organize information by identifying why, who, what, when, and where

    Venn Diagram
    Compare and contrast two items or topics

    Vocabulary

    Word Meaning Map I
    Record and define elements of a word

    Word Meaning Map II
    Record, define, and apply elements of a word

    Intermediate Graphic Organizers (3-6)

    Reading Strategies

    Anticipation Guide
    Make and revise predictions about a topic before and after reading

    KWL Chart
    Organize information according to what students know, what they want to know, and what they learn from reading

    KWLS Chart
    Organize information according to what students know, what they want to know, what they learn from reading, and what they still want to know

    Topic Web
    Condense and organize information by identifying how, who, what, why, when, and where

    Web Diagram
    Condense and organize information about a single topic

    Note Manager
    Record important information about a topic

    Web Wheel
    Condense and organize information about a single topic

    Y-Chart
    Record prior knowledge about a topic

    Reading Comprehension Skill

    Cause and Effect
    Identify cause-and-effect relationships

    Cause and Effect Chain

    Identify multiple cause-and-effect relationships in sequence

    Character Attributes Web
    Analyze several aspects of a character's traits

    Character Interaction Map
    Describe how multiple characters relate to one another

    Character Map
    Analyze a character's traits

    Fact and Opinion Chart
    Distinguish between facts and opinions

    Identify Author's Purpose
    Identify and support the author's purpose

    Main Idea and Details Ladder
    Identify main ideas and supporting details for a topic

    Make Inferences
    Use story clues and prior knowledge to make inferences

    Plot Map identify the beginning, main events, climax, and resolution

    Problem and Solution
    Identify the problem and solution

    Sequence Events Chart I
    Identify the beginning, middle, and ending

    Sequence Events Chart II
    Sequence events in chronological order

    Sequence Events Chart III
    Sequence multiple events in the order in which they occurred

    Solution Evaluation Chart
    Identify the problem, possible solutions, and final result

    Story Map
    Identify the characters, setting, problem, events, and solution

    Story Web
    Identify the setting, characters, problem, and solution

    Summary Chart
    Identify important events in text to write a summary

    Summary Outline
    Identify important ideas in text to write a summary

    Supporting Details Web
    Identify the main idea and supporting details

    Timeline
    List events in chronological order

    Venn Diagram
    Compare and contrast two topics

    Vocabulary

    Word Meaning Map I
    Record and define elements of words

    Word Meaning Map II
    Record, define, and apply elements of a word

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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